Eugen Wiškovský (source: fdb.cz)

Eugen Wiškovský (source: fdb.cz)

Eugen Wiškovský

1888 (Dvůr Králové) - 1964 (Prague)

He was born in Dvůr Králové nad Labem, here he visited the high school. When he was 14-year-old his father gives him the first camera.

 

He studied French, German and Psychology at the Faculty of Philosophy of the Charles-Ferdinand University and he spent one semester in Geneva. He was interested in psychoanalysis and translated works of its founder Sigmund Freud.

 

He taught at the secondary school in Prague and state grammar school in Kolín. One of his students was Jaromír Funke, they took pictures of functionalist buildings, especially the plant ESSO in Kolín by Jaroslav Fragner.

 

Since 1914 Wiškovský fought for Austrian-Hungary in the First World War. After two injuries he was transferred to Česká Lípa a few years later.

 

He married Anna Streitová and they had two daughters Eva and Hana.

 

Wiškovský created one of the first artistic images - an experimental portraits in 1928. His works are focused on the remarkable objects, shapes and details, as were Collars, Eggs, Coils, Insulation, Screws, Pipes, etc. In the magazine Foto was published his essay About Image Photo. He participated on the exhibition of New Photography in Aventinská mansarda where was presented Prague avantgarde and in the Exhibition of social photography in Palace Metro organized by Levá Fronta headed by Lubomír Linhart. He also participates in the International Exhibition of Photography in Mánes as well as in Kolín Club of amateur photographers. Wiškovský moved to Prague from Kolín and taught at the high school in Ječná Street.

 

He began photographing landscape motifs and befriended with photographer Josef Ehm too. Together with him and J. Funke they founded the magazine Photographic horizon in 1941. There Wiškovský published his notable essays where he applied the gestaltism on a theory of photography.

 

He photographed building of barricades at the Prague uprising of the people against nazi occupation in 1945. When was established the communism, he withdraws from public life and went into retirement. In private he worked on the cycle of Old Jewish cemetery and creates a series of photographs focusing on shape and detail.

 

The interest about Wiškovský works was wake up by Jiří Jeníšek in the magazine Czech photography.

The art historian Anna Fárová published twelve of his pictures as postcards and prepared his memoirs which were published after the death of Eugen Wiškovský in 1964.

Zdroj:

Vladimír Birgus: Eugen Wiškovský, Torst, Praha, 2005

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